Hard skills on the CV

In today’s competitive job market, when you are writing your CV, having a strong skill set is crucial for career success. While soft skills play an important role in interpersonal interactions and workplace dynamics, hard skills are equally essential. Hard skills are technical abilities that enable individuals to perform specific tasks efficiently and effectively.

In this article of resume.modelocurriculum.net, we will explore the significance of hard skills in career development and discuss various aspects related to their acquisition, application, and benefits.

¿What are Hard Skills?

Hard skills refer to technical abilities that individuals gain through education, training, and experiences, and they often directly relate to specific jobs or industries. They are different from soft skills, which are behavioral traits influencing interpersonal interactions. Hard skills represent specialized knowledge brought to particular roles, while soft skills refer to how an individual approaches their work.

Some examples of hard skills include technical skills required for specific jobs, such as understanding encryption algorithms, authentication systems, risk assessment, cryptography, incident response, and the ability to work with network monitoring and virus protection software like Wireshark, Nagios, Ping Identity, Portswigger BurP Suite, and Symantec for example.

In terms of showcasing these skills, it’s important to highlight them on your CV content as they can play a significant role in determining whether you are a good fit for a particular role or not.

Importance of Hard Skills

Hard skills are the technical expertise and specialized knowledge you bring to a particular role. They are essential to be able to perform the basic functions of a job. Hard skills are particularly relevant in certain professions where specific technical abilities are necessary.

Employers value hard skills highly in their recruitment process. They are often one of the first areas of a candidate’s profile that recruiters assess when screening for a role. According to a survey, 62% of employers hire based on both hard and soft skills.

Hard skills are important not only in getting a job but also in executing tasks effectively and efficiently once in the role. They demonstrate an employee’s technical capacity, making them a valuable asset to the company.

In addition, while soft skills refer to workplace skills and represent how you approach your work, hard skills often complement them, offering a balance that can advance your career. As you are seeing, it is very important to differentiate hard skills from soft skills, if we do not understand the differences between them, we would not be able to showcase the most important skills and would not be able to put them in the right section of our CV.

Improving your hard skills and emphasizing them on your resume, cover letter, and during interviews can be a strategic move in highlighting your qualifications and standing out as a candidate

Hard Skills in the CV Profile

Including hard skills in your CV profile helps showcase your qualifications and sets you apart from other candidates. Hard skills are specific abilities that allow you to carry out job responsibilities effectively, and usually require special training or education to master.

Different jobs require different hard skills. For instance, a chef would need hard skills like food preparation, sanitation and hygiene, combining flavors, planning menus, and managing kitchen staff. A software engineer, on the other hand, would need hard skills like programming languages, software testing, and full-stack development.

Some examples of hard skills that could be included in your CV are product knowledge, such as advising customers about the benefits of products, and lead generation, such as collaborating with the marketing department to produce a social media campaign.

Moreover, certain hard skills are in high demand in job market. To make your CV profile more attractive, it’s recommended to stay informed about these skills and to include those relevant to your field.

When incorporating these hard skills into your CV, make sure to provide examples of how you’ve utilized these skills in previous roles. This helps employers understand your practical experience and your capacity to apply these skills in a real-world context.

if you are currently taking a course or master’s degree that you should indicate in the hard skills section, we explain how to indicate ongoing training in the CV.

Tips to Showcase Hard Skills on Your Resume

When compiling your resume, it’s essential to showcase your hard skills prominently. Doing so can significantly boost your chances of landing your dream job. Here’s how:

  1. List your hard skills in the skills section of your resume.
  2. Use specific examples where you applied these skills in your job history section.
  3. Mention certifications or qualifications related to your hard skills.

Where you must incorporate the hard skills in the CV

Among the basic rules for writing your CV, indicating what your hard skills are is one of the most basic rules. You can incorporate your hard skills in several sections of your CV to highlight them for maximum impact.

  1. CV Profile: Your CV profile, also known as a personal statement, is a short paragraph at the top of your CV where you can highlight your most relevant skills and experiences. This is a strategic location to mention your top hard skills that are relevant to the position you’re applying for.
  2. Skills Section: Many CVs include a dedicated skills section where you can list your technical skills. This section allows employers to see at a glance what you can bring to the role.
  3. Work Experience Section: Within the descriptions of your past roles, you can include examples of how you’ve applied your hard skills in a practical context. For each job you list, mention the hard skills you used and how they contributed to your success in the role.

The Most Valuable Hard Skills

There are countless types of hard skills, varying across industries. However, some skills are universally sought after, regardless of the field. We’ll explore a few of these in detail below.

Database Management

Database management involves organizing, storing, and retrieving data from a database. It’s a vital skill in the IT sector and any field that relies on data storage and manipulation. The main Hard Skills in this market sector are:

  1. Database design
  2. Data modeling
  3. Relational database management
  4. SQL programming
  5. Database administration
  6. Database performance tuning
  7. Database security
  8. Data indexing
  9. Data normalization
  10. Database backup and recovery
  11. Database replication
  12. Database migration
  13. Data warehousing
  14. Data integration
  15. Query optimization
  16. Database monitoring
  17. Database scalability
  18. Data integrity management
  19. Database version control
  20. Database schema management

Data Mining

Data mining is the process of discovering patterns in large data sets. It’s an essential skill for data analysts, market researchers, and professionals in similar roles. The main Hard Skills in data mining market sector are:

  1. Data preprocessing
  2. Data cleaning
  3. Data integration
  4. Data transformation
  5. Data discretization
  6. Data sampling
  7. Data mining algorithms
  8. Classification
  9. Regression analysis
  10. Clustering
  11. Association rule mining
  12. Text mining
  13. Web mining
  14. Social network analysis
  15. Time series analysis
  16. Anomaly detection
  17. Feature selection
  18. Dimensionality reduction
  19. Model evaluation and validation
  20. Data visualization

Data Storage Management

Data storage management involves efficiently storing, retrieving, and backing up data. This skill is crucial in fields that handle large volumes of data daily. The main Hard Skills in this market sector are:

  1. Data backup and recovery
  2. Data encryption
  3. Data deduplication
  4. Data archiving
  5. Data migration
  6. Data replication
  7. Data synchronization
  8. Data tiering
  9. Data compression
  10. Data virtualization
  11. Data security
  12. Data governance
  13. Data indexing
  14. Data warehousing
  15. Data integration
  16. Data retrieval
  17. Data lifecycle management
  18. Data quality management
  19. Data privacy management
  20. Data storage capacity planning

Statistical Analysis

Statistical analysis involves interpreting and presenting data in a meaningful way. This skill is desirable in various fields, including finance, marketing, and research. The main Hard Skills in Statistical Analaysis market sector are:

  1. Knowledge of Descriptive Statistics
  2. Understanding of Inferential Statistics
  3. Probability Theory
  4. Knowledge of Hypothesis Testing
  5. Data Cleaning
  6. Data Visualization
  7. Understanding of Regression Analysis
  8. Knowledge of Correlation Analysis
  9. Mastery of Statistical Software (like SPSS, R, Python)
  10. Understanding of Bayesian Statistics
  11. Time Series Analysis
  12. Sampling Techniques
  13. Knowledge of Parametric & Non-parametric Statistics
  14. Factor Analysis
  15. Understanding of Experimental Design
  16. Knowledge of ANOVA (Analysis of Variance)
  17. Data Interpretation
  18. Predictive Modeling
  19. Machine Learning (for advanced statistical analysis)
  20. Communication of Statistical Findings

Network Security

Network security skills involve protecting an organization’s data from threats. This skill is vital for IT professionals, particularly those specializing in cybersecurity. The main Hard Skills in network security market sector are:

  1. Zero Trust Network Access
  2. Secure Web Gateway
  3. Private Routing to IP/Hosts
  4. HTTP/S Inspection and Filters
  5. Network Firewall as a Service
  6. DNS Resolution and Filters
  7. Cloud Access Security Broker
  8. Firewall
  9. Reverse Firewall
  10. Intrusion Prevention Systems/SIEMs
  11. Understanding of Firewall Administration
  12. Intrusion Detection
  13. Intrusion Prevention
  14. Familiarity with Different Operating Systems
  15. Virtual Private Networks (VPNs)
  16. Network Protocols
  17. Wireless Security
  18. Network Troubleshooting
  19. Secure Network Architecture
  20. Understanding of Cryptography


Writing is a critical skill in virtually every industry. Whether it’s drafting emails, writing reports, or creating content, proficient writing skills can significantly enhance your professional credibility. The main Hard Skills in this market sector are:

  1. Grammar
  2. Punctuation
  3. Spelling
  4. Vocabulary
  5. Sentence Structure
  6. Paragraph Development
  7. Understanding of Different Writing Styles
  8. Editing
  9. Proofreading
  10. Clarity
  11. Consistency
  12. Coherence
  13. Research
  14. Citations and Referencing
  15. Creativity
  16. Voice and Tone
  17. Persuasion
  18. Storytelling
  19. Adaptability to Different Formats and Mediums
  20. Time Management and Meeting Deadlines
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